quarta-feira, abril 26, 2006
What is "Universal Access"?
Universal Access is the idea that everyone has a right to the prevention, care, support and treatment related to HIV and AIDS. The term was coined at the G8 Summit at Gleneagles in 2005 when the G8 leaders pledged $50 billion towards AIDS and agreed that "[we will work to] significantly reduce HIV infections and, working with WHO, UNAIDS and other international bodies to develop and implement a package for HIV prevention, treatment and care, with the aim of as close as possible to universal access to treatment for all those who need it by 2010." $25 billion of this money was pledged to Africa.
Since the G8 met, many people have been talking about the next phase of AIDS activism. There is consensus that the world must now focus on scaling up towards Universal Access. Civil society organisations agree with the broad principle of Universal Access " that all people in the world must have access to health, education, clean water, shelter and a range of other services."
However, it is also clear that Universal Access will only be achieved if leaders agree on specific targets to measure progress towards universal access. It has been suggested that targets should be developed at a national level.
However, many civil society groups do not want governments to set targets
a) without their involvement and;
b) without a broad global goal to guide them.
Therefore civil society groups want 10 million people to be on treatment by 2010. These groups also want to ensure access to Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) programmes for all pregnant women living with AIDS by 2010.